What Are The Dimensions Of A Croquet Field?

Croquet is a popular backyard game, but many inexperienced players wonder how big a lawn they need.
What are the dimensions for a croquet field, and can you adapt them if you have a smaller lawn?

The association croquet court dimensions are 35 by 28 yards (105 by 84 feet), and the game requires six wickets, one stake, and four balls. However, most backyard croquet games require a full-size field of 100 feet long and 50 feet wide. If you have a smaller yard, you can adjust the field size.

What is the size of a regulation croquet court?

Now popular around the world, croquet was invented in France in the thirteenth century, and it was then introduced to England in the seventeenth century. Modern croquet was developed in London, and The Croquet Association established the first regulation rules.

Association Croquet has a rectangular court with a standard dimension of 35 feet long and 28 feet wide. It is played with six wickets, one stake, and four balls. Golf Croquet maintains the same regulation court size. 

However, both the United States Croquet Association and the UK Croquet Association agree that not everyone has sufficient space to set up a field this size. That’s how Short Croquet and Garden Croquet were invented.

Short croquet rules allow you to set a court with a dimension of either 24 by 16 yards (72 by 48 feet) or 28 by 17.5 yards (84 by 52.5 feet) which is exactly half of a full-size court.

Garden croquet allows you to set up a court in even smaller spaces. The regulation garden croquet court measures 19 by 15.3 yards (57 by 46 feet).

How to set up a regulation croquet court?

To set up a regulation croquet court, you must first define the court perimeter and mark each corner with a flag. 

Each corner is numbered from one to four, starting from the southwest corner and going clockwise around the perimeter. 

Divide the short sides into four 7-foot lengths. The long sides start with a 7-foot section, followed by a 3.5-foot one. Continue with a middle section of 14 feet (divided in two in the middle), and end with a 3.5-foot followed by a 7-foot section

Draw imaginary lines from each of these points to help place the wickets and stake.

Start with the stake and place it right in the middle of the court. The wickets should be parallel to the shorter side of the rectangle. Starting from the south boundary, place two blue top wickets at 7 feet away from each side.

A third blue top wicket goes in the middle of the two, at 10.7 feet from the south boundary. Mirror this arrangement starting from the north boundary, but using the red top wickets this time. 

The court set up above refers to regulation croquet. However, most backyard croquet games are designed to make the game more fun for youngsters.

Commercial croquet sets require a different court size (100 by 50 feet), and the game is played with nine wickets, two stakes, and six balls. The court setup is modified to accommodate the higher number of wickets and balls.

How big of a lawn do you need for croquet?

The croquet court, when space permits it, should be 105 feet long and 84 feet wide. That’s twice the size of the tennis court, and you should account for some edge around the court, so your lawn should be at least 110 by 90 feet.

If you decide to play 9-wicket croquet, you need a lawn about 110 by 60 feet. However, you don’t have to play in a space this size. The beauty of croquet is that you can adapt the court dimension to your lawn size.

How do you set up a croquet field in a small yard?

The first thing to do is decide what type of croquet you want to play. If you wish to play traditional croquet (6-wicket), calculate the court size in the ratio of 5:4. If you’re playing a 9-wicket croquet, scale the court size using a 2:1 ratio (the length should be two times the width of the court). 

Once you’ve scaled the court, divide the sides, maintaining the same ratio as explained above, and place the wickets and stake(s) in their respective positions. 

Tips for Setting Up Your Croquet Field

Setting up a croquet court is a great idea for backyard fun this summer. The first thing to do is to measure your yard (if you don’t know the dimensions already) and decide the maximum court size you can set up. Then, decide whether you want to play with six or nine wickets. Once you’ve done that, here are some tips for setting up your croquet field.

  • The easiest way to set up a regulation croquet field in a smaller yard is by using the Short Croquet or Garden Croquet court dimensions. If space doesn’t allow it, scale down the court size maintaining the correct length/width ratio.
  • Set up the court on even ground if possible. While a croquet court doesn’t require perfectly level ground, it would be fairer for the players.
  • Mow the lawn before setting up the court to allow for better ball rolling.
  • A 9-wicket arrangement would work best for smaller yards since the court is easier to scale down. Children and beginners may also find the 9-wicket croquet easier to play.
  • If you want to play croquet professionally, go for a 6-wicket set up in your backyard to learn the ins and outs of tournament croquet.